Golden flaxseed, also known as linseed, comes from the flax plant, which is cultivated for its seeds as well as its fiber. The seeds, which are a little larger than sesame seeds, are an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids and are rich in dietary fiber and lignan. Used since ancient times, flax is renowned for myriad health benefits. Don't let the tiny, unimposing size of the flaxseed fool you. Packed inside every teeny seed is a mountain of nutritional benefit. For instance, flaxseeds are excellent sources of calcium and fiber. Flaxseed is one of the best sources of lignans, which are estrogen-like chemicals found in plants and which act as antioxidants. Antioxidants remove free radicals and aid in the prevention of diseases such as cancer and coronary heart disease. Flax is the most widely available botanical source of omega-3 fatty acids, which help prevent these diseases and which improve immune function, improve brain functions such as memory and act as an anti-inflammatory. Other health benefits provided by regular consumption of flaxseed are protection against diabetes, the prevention and control of high blood pressure and the reduction of cholesterol levels. Flaxseeds can provide a nutritional punch to many baked goods. Add flaxseed to bread, muffins, bars, biscuits, crackers, granola, cookies and other recipes for extra nutrition and a nutty flavor.